The first series of eight buildings are now completed including residential space for 50 orphans and a primary school catering to around 200 children. The project to build a school and home for children orphaned by HIV/AIDS has been built on a tiny budget of USD 30,000. The first eight rectangular units have now been completed on a rural site without water or power, and form the nucleus of a small community.
The project is environmentally and socially sustainable while maintaining an innovative approach to space making. The architect used a rule-based approach to yield the spatial organization of the community, which comprises residential space for 50 orphans and a primary school catering to around 200 children.
The simple freestanding rectangular structures are simple to set out and erect using basic equipment and unskilled labor. The eight basic hut structures provide two sleeping spaces, three lecture halls, two offices and a bathroom – arranged in a ragged circle around the spreading foliage of a “teaching tree”, under which students can gather and take classes. Canopies link the triangular spaces between structures, creating a continuously-roofed outdoor space. The courtyard, with its tree and well, serve as a practical and symbolic heart of the community.
The walls are made of unfinished masonry, and support simple tin roofs on timber trusses. All materials are sourced locally and are easy to erect. Rainwater is collected from the roofs in cisterns; solar panels are used to generate power for lighting and computers. The children participate in growing food, providing the basis of a self-sufficient community.See more
The Holcim Awards Silver was presented to the low-cost Mukwano Home in Rakai, Uganda created by Japanese architect Koji Tsutsui. The new homes reflect local social traditions and habits, provide shelter and offer health care, education spaces and leisure facilities. The long-term goal of the project is to provide the children with basic building skills and a chance of future work, and to develop effective social and contextual impact by providing a solid community for children orphaned by the impact of HIV/AIDS.Sustainable construction projects applauded across Africa Middle East » pour en savoir plus (French) »
The project’s notoriety lies in its long-term social and contextual impact. The conceptual philosophy consists of creating new homes for orphans caused by HIV/AIDS that reﬂect the local social traditions and habits, provide shelter and offer health care, educational and leisure amenities.
The whole project strives for appropriate domestic technology and self-reliance: for example, the homes will be built by the orphans with local materials utilize solar energy, and the community will produce their own food-stuffs.
The very simple modular block geometry of the buildings with a wide cantilever roof will generate poetic and diverse internal as well as external spaces. The project envisages the gradual evolution of the Mukwano Home into Mukwano Village through continuous additions of similar modular units as more children become integrated into the center. The older ones becoming adults will have the possibility to stay at the village with their families and thus contributing to the long-term development towards an organically grown and solid community.See more
HIV/Aids has made orphans of millions of children. With a tree at its symbolic center, the Low-cost school and home for HIV orphans enables children to create their own home, and even help in its construction. As the children grow to adulthood, the village can be extended for their own families to grow up in this caring community.Download project entry poster (PDF, 1.87 MB) »